District Profile

Srikakulam dist

This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Srikakulam.

Srikakulam district
శ్రీకాకుళం జిల్లా

District of Andhra Pradesh

Location of Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh

Country

India

State

Andhra Pradesh

Headquarters

Srikakulam

Tehsils

37

Government

 • Lok Sabha constituencies

Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency)

 • Assembly seats

10

Area

 • Total

5,837 km2 (2,254 sq mi)

Population (2011)

 • Total

2,699,471[2]

 • Urban

16.16%

Demographics

 • Literacy

62.30%

 • Sex ratio

1014

Vehicle registration

AP-10

Major highways

NH-5

Coordinates

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png18°25′N 84°01′ECoordinateshttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png18°25′N 84°01′E

Website

[Srikakulam district website Official website]

Srikakulam district is one of the 13 districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 9 coastal districts, located in the extreme north eastern direction of the state. The headquarters of the district is located at Srikakulam.[1] It was formerly known as Chicacole

Geography

It is situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ N and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ E. The district is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses while a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from the northeast. Vizianagaram district flanks in the south and west while Odisha bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East.

History

Megalithic Dolmen of Iron Age period at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa

Prehistory

Evidence of early historic man and his activities during Stone Age and Iron Age periods have been recently discovered at Sangamayya Konda and Dannanapeta. The speciality of Dannanapeta Iron Age megalithic site is a large single capstone as a dolmen with 36 ft in length and 14 ft in width and 2 ft thickness. Sailada Hills consists of 36 upright rocks and natural caves used for habitation by Iron Age man in Amudalavalasa mandal of the district.[3]

Jainism and Buddhism

Salihundam Historic Buddhist Remains Site

Evidences of Jain monuments and Buddhist remnants were discovered near Sangamayya Konda. Jain rock beds were discovered at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa in the district. Salihundam is a famous Buddhist Remnants site situated on the south bank of River Vamsadhara at a distance of 5 kilometres west of Kalingapatnam and 18 kilometres from Srikakulam town.[4]

Mandasa Vasudeva Temple

Post Independence

Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for quite some time. But in November 1969 the district lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May 1979, the district had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with headquarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of SalurBobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District.Srikakulam's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music and theatres.[5]

 

Srikakulam district mandals map

Srikakulam district occupies an area of 5,837 square kilometres (2,254 sq mi),[6]comparatively equivalent to Australia's Melville Island.[7] Srikakulam district can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and another portion of the district is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some of the Mahendragiri Hills also covers Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. KotthuruHiramandalamPathapatnam, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests.

Srikakulam is located 100 km (62 mi) north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 2,537,593 of which 10.98% is urban as of 2001.

Srikakulam district has the longest coast line about 193 km (120 mi) in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered by Odisha on the north, Vizianagaram district on the west and south, Bay of Bengal on the east.

Major Rivers flowing through the district are River NagavaliRiver Vamsadhara, Mahendratanaya, Champavati, Bahuda, Kumbhikota Gedda, Suvarnamukhi, Vegavati, Gomukhi. The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda. Major irrigation projects on these rivers Vamsadhara ProjectNarayanapuram AnicutThotapalli Regulator and some medium projects at Pydigam Project, Onigadda are providing a total ayacut of 69,373 acres (280.74 km2).

Demographics

147 According to the 2011 census Srikakulam district has a population of 2,699,471,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[9] or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 147th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 6.38%.[8]Srikakulam has a sex ratio of 1014 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 62.3%.[8]

Household indicators

According to 2007–08, International Institute for Population Sciences,[10] 86.9% had access to electricity, 70.4% had drinking water, 18.5% toilet facilities, and 47.2% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[10] 31.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 90.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[10]

Divisionse

 

The 3 Revenue divisions of Srikakulam district are Srikakulam, Palakonda and Tekkali

The district has three revenue divisions namely, SrikakulamPalakonda and Tekkali, each headed by a sub collector. These revenue divisions are divided into 38 mandals in the district.[11]The district has 12 towns and 1,802 villages. There are 1 municipal corporation, 3 municipalities, 1 nagar panchayat and 7 census towns. The municipal corporation in the district is Srikakulam and 3 municipalities in the district are AmadalavalasaIchchapuramPalasa-Kasibugga, and nagar panchayats of PalakondaRajam.[12] The 6 census towns are Balaga, HiramandalamNarasannapetaPonduruSompetaTekkali.[13]

Mandals[edit]

The list of 38 mandals in Srikakulam district under 3 revenue divisions are listed in the following table:

#

Palakonda Division

Srikakulam Division

Tekkali Division

1

Bhamini

Amadalavalasa

Ichchapuram

2

Hiramandalam

Burja

Jalumuru

3

Kotturu

Etcherla

Kanchili

4

Meliaputti

Ganguvari Sigadam

Kaviti

5

Palakonda

Gara

Kotabommali

6

Pathapatnam

Lakshminarasupeta

Mandasa

7

Rajam

Laveru

Nandigam

8

Regidi Amadalavalasa

Narasannapeta

Palasa

9

Saravakota

Polaki

Santhabommali

10

Santhakavati

Ponduru

Sompeta

11

Seethampeta

Ranastalam

Tekkali

12

Vangara

Sarubujjili

Vajrapu Kotturu

13

Veeraghattam

Srikakulam

 

Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies

There are 3 Parliamentary Constituencies and 10 assembly constituencies in Srikakulam district. Parliamentary constituencies include SrikakulamArakuVizianagaram ,[14]

The 10 Assembly Constituencies are AmadalavalasaRajamTekkaliIchchapuramPalasaNarasannapetaPalakondaPathapatnamSrikakulam and Etcherla.

Economy

Khadi Weaving at Ponduru, Srikakulam district. Khadi from Ponduru is famous among Khadi lovers of the entire country

Major pharmaceutical company namely Dr. Reddy's Laboratories is situated at Pydibhimavaram. Cashew industries located in Palasa. It is famous in South India

Transport

Srikakulam Road-Jn. Railway Station

APSRTC runs bus services to all the major cities and towns of the state from the district. Major railway stations in the district include AmudalavalasaSrikakulam Road railway station, Palasa (It is major railwaystation) Naupada, Ichchapuram and Sompeta etc. The Nearest Airport is Visakhapatnam which is 100 km away from the city.

Culture

The district is renowned for the brassware products namely, Budithi Bell and Brass Craft, which are made at Budithi village of the district. These are registered as one of the geographic indication from Andhra Pradesh.[15]

The district has many people from various fields like film industry, music, art and architecture etc. Most notable of them are Vaddadi PapaiahJ.V. Somayajulu, G.Anand (playback singer & music director), Pingali Nagendrarao (script writer and lyricist), Sripada Pinakapani (carnatic musician). Some of the poets and writers include Gidugu Venkata RamamoortyPingali NagendraraoKalipatnam Ramarao etc. There are many freedom fighters from the district like Gouthu Latchanna, Killi Appala Naidu (freedom fighter), Jananayak Chowdary Satyanarayana, Garimella Satyanarayana etc.

Sports

Kodi Rammurthy Naidu (body builder), Karnam Malleswari (Olympic medalist),[10] Pujari Sailaja in weight lifting are famous people from the district.

Tourism

Arasavilli Suryanarayana Temple in Srikakulam

The district has many religious worship centres like Arasavalli temple of sun godSrikurmam temple of Vishnu-KurmavtarMukhalingam temple of ShivaSalihundamDantapuri which are Buddhist remnant sites. Apart from these there other tourist destinations like Telineelapuram Bird sanctuary. Many sun kissed beaches like BaruvaBhavanapaduKalingapatnamMogadalapadu and Kallepalli.

Transport

The total of core road network of the district is 958.791 km (595.765 mi). It includes, 602.811 km (374.569 mi) of existing and a proposed length of 355.980 km (221.196 mi).[16]

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[17][18] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015-16, there are a total of 3,875 schools. They include, 55 government, 2,833 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 573 private, 14 model, 32 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 85 municipal and 282 other types of schools.[19] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 371,472.[20]

The only university in the district include Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Srikakulam[21] and medical colleges namely Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences in Srikakulam town, GEMS—Great Eastern Medical Speciality and Hospital in Ragolu village.

See also

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